In The Hot Seat (ITHS) All STARS With Naseebah Bint Ka'b (RA)
Bismillahi rahmaani raheem....
Y'all already know what it is, its the Ramadhan In The Hot Seat (ITHS) Special.
Here at Brimah and John, we have numerous inspirations! One of which are fabulous women, past and present who have done amazing things for Islam. These women are examples for us all, and should be our role models and inspirations. So what we've done, is sit them down in the hot seat, and shone a spot light on them...
Who is she?
She was known as Umm ‘Ammarah, While her real name was Naseebah bint Ka'b al-Maziniyah al-Ansariyah Radiyallahu Anha. Umm Ammarah was a nickname.
How and when did she meet the Prophet (SAW)?
She was in the prime of her youth when she had the honour of meeting the Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wassalaam in the middle of the night at the 'Aqabah in Mina along with a delegation of the Ansar.
What was her role in the battle of Uhud?
Umm Sa'eed bint Sa’d ibn Rabee’ narrated that she visited Umm 'Ammarah and asked her participation in the battle of Uhud and she replied, "I went out in the forenoon with a water vessel in my hand. I came to the Messenger of Allah Sallallahu Alaihi Wassalaam while he was with his Companions and the Muslims were winning the war. But when the Muslims were later defeated I moved to the side of the Messenger of Allah Sallallahu Alaihi Wassalaam. I engaged in fighting and started protecting the Messenger of Allah Sallallahu Alaihi Wassalaam with the sword while at the same time, shooting arrows until I was wounded.”
Umm Sa'eed said, “And I saw a deep and hollow injury in her shoulder. ”
So, what happened in Uhud?
The Messenger of Allah Sallallahu Alaihi Wassalaam had escaped on to the top of the Mountain of Uhud with him a few companions defending him.
It was then that Umm 'Ammarah snatched a sword from one of the escaping fighters and a bow and an arrow from another. She stood firm defending the Messenger of Allah Sallallahu Alaihi Wassalaam and he (SAW) saw her around him in this great stance of hers and her glorious defence for him. He (SAW) saw the enemy of Allah, Ibn Qami'ah moving closer to her. So he called upon her son to protect her.
Umm 'Ammarah then said, “O’ Messenger of Allah, invoke Allah to make us your Companions in Paradise!”
The Messenger or Allah Sallallahu Alaihi Wassalaam then supplicated for her saying, “O’ Allah, make them my Companions in Paradise.”
Umm 'Ammirah said, “After this, I do not care about whatever happens.”
The supplication of the Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wassalaam actualized on the entire household of Umm 'Ammarah. Her sons, 'Abdullah and Habeeb were martyred in the way of Allah.
Allah’s enemy, Ibn Qami'ah was able to overcome Umm 'Ammarah. He hit her neck with sword and made her suffer a deep wound that she continued to nurse for the rest of her life until she died and met the pleasure of Allah.
'Umar ibn al-Khattab Radiyallahu Anhu narrates to us from the Messenger of Allah Sallallahu Alaihi Wassalaam his noble saying, “Whenever I turned left or right on the day of the battle of Uhud, I always saw her (Umm 'Ammarah) fighting in my defense.”
How did she lose her son Habeeb?
The Prophet’s choice fell upon her son Habeeb, as one of his two envoys to Musaylamah the liar of the clan of Banu Haneefah who claimed prophethood. Habeeb was the younger of her two sons from her first husband, Zayd ibn 'Asim. He was handsome, gentlehearted, strong in Eeman, steadfast and truly dear to the heart of Umm 'Ammarah.
When he delivered the message and fulfilled the trust assigned to him, Musaylamah asked him, “Do you believe that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah?” He answered in the affirmative.
Musaylamah then said, “Do you believe that I am a Messenger of Allah?” He said, “I can’t hear.”
Musaylamah ran into a fury and commanded that Habeeb be tortured until he testified that he was a messenger of Allah. So his limbs were then cut piece by piece while he was tied up. He did not utter anything but a testimony to the Oneness of Allah and the Messengership of Muhammad Sallallahu Alaihi Wassalaam. He continued in this state until he breathed his last and his soul ascended to its Creator. And the sad new was brought to Umm 'Ammarah.
How did she discover her sons death?
The Messenger of Allah Sallallahu Alaihi Wassalaam in the company of Abu Bakr and'Umar Radiyallahu Anhum came to her to console her on this great calamity concerning her son, the beloved Habeeb. The deep wound in her neck had deteriorated and her pains had become severe.
What did she vow upon hearing the news?
She vowed that she would witness and take part in the killing of Musaylamah the liar as she vowed that she would not touch her body with water until she fulfilled this vow, as a way of fulfilling the obligation she owed to Allah and His Messenger Sallallahu Alaihi Wassalaam and as a way of avenging the death of her son Habeeb.
After the death of the Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wassalaam; Abu Bakr and 'Umar would visit her to assure, console and honour her until the Wars of Apostasy and the battle of Yamamah took place. Inevitably, the caliph Abu Bakr could not but agree to Umm 'Ammarah’s request to fulfll her vow. He allowed her to set out for the war with the Muslim army.
By then, Umm 'Ammarah was already ageing and had became feeble.
So, what happened at the battle of Yamamah?
It is one of the strange acts of destiny that Wahshi ibn Harb who killed Hamzah in the battle of Uhud was also the one who killed Musaylamah, and with the same javelin.
While the battle was raging, Umm 'Ammarah with her son 'Abdullah on her side were pushing their way into the rows of fighters looking for Musaylamah in order to reach him and take revenge from him.
In that battle, Umm 'Ammarah sustained more than twelve wounds in different parts of her body; and she bled profusely. Her arm was cut off, starting from her already injured neck. In spite of that, she proceeded in pursuance of her goal.
She was directed to Musaylamah who was lying in the ground wounded. Wahshi’s javelin had penetrated deep into his body. Umm 'Ammarah moved closer to him and started hitting him with a spear until he died.
When she returned to Madeenah, she came to meet her appointed time. It was only a little after her return that she surrendered her soul peacefully, smilingly and willingly.
And she will meet her loved ones: Muhammad Sallallahu Alaihi Wassalaam and his Companions, and she will be fortunate to be in his company.
Anything else to add?
Dear reader, this is another aspect of the personality of Umm 'Ammarah. It is an aspect that is not less important:
She was a narrator of hadith who had an excellent memory. She narrated to us some ahadith of the Messenger of Allah Sallallahu Alaihi Wassalaam. Therefore, the scholarly aspect of her life also has its place and importance.
You will notice that some of her narrations contain fiqh and islamic legal rules.
For example, at-Tirmidhi, an-Nasa'i and Ibn Majah reported in their Sunan on the authority of Urum 'Ammarah that the Messenger of Allah Sallallahu Alaihi Wassalaam visited her and she presented him with food. The Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wassalaam told her, “Eat.” She said, “I am fasting.” The Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wassalaam then said, “If food is eaten in the house of a fasting person, the angels will invoke blessing on him.”
Abu Dawood also reported on the authority of Umm 'Ammarah that, “The Messenger of Allah Sallallahu Alaihi Wassalaam wanted to perform ablution and a vessel that contained a one third mudd of water was brought to him.”
Ibn Majah also reported on the authority of Umm 'Ammarah that she said, “I was looking at the Messenger of Allah Sallallahu Alaihi Wassalaam while he was slaughtering his sacrificial camels with a spear, in a standing
Al-Waqidi reported that Umm 'Ammarah said, “Men were shaking the hands of the Messenger of Allah~) in the night of (thepledge of) 'Aqabah while al-'Abbas (his uncle) was holding the Prophet’s hand. When it remained only me and Umm Manee’, my husband, 'Arabah ibn 'Amr said, 'Messenger of Allah, these are two women who came with us to pledge their allegiance to you.’ The Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wassalaam said, 'I have accepted their pledge upon what I accepted your pledge on, for I do not shake women’s hands.’”
May Allah be pleased with Umm 'Ammarah and please her!
May He make Paradise her abode and make her a model to be emulated by our mothers, sisters, wives and daughters!
Answers provided by Zohayma of Stories of The Sahaba, Tumblr
Jazakhallahu Khair sis for inspiring us and allowing us to share your work x
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This is an excerpt from the book by Muhammad 'Ali Qutb, "Women Around The Messenger"